P45 Image with Reflection

British Library

There are more than 600 Greek manuscripts ranging in date from the 9th century to the 18th century included in the British Library's Digitised Manuscripts site. The library holds approximately 1,000 Greek manuscripts, and intends to digitise the remainder in the next three years.

Center for Epigraphical and Palaeographical Studies (Ohio State University)

The Center for Epigraphical and Palaeographical Studies at Ohio State University is a comprehensive research facility for the study of Greek and Latin inscriptions and manuscripts.

Center for New Testament Restoration


Alan Bunning's Center for New Testament Restoration has published digital transcriptions of almost every extant Greek manuscript containing portions of the New Testament up to year 400 AD. These texts are made availalbe online in parallel form arranged by biblical citation. Look up any GNT citation, and you will see the readings of the various early manuscripts for that text.

The Center for New Testament Restoration has a new home as of March 30, 2016 at http://greekcntr.org. If you bookmarked the site before that date, please visit again now and update your bookmark.

Center for the Study of New Testament Manuscripts

The Center for the Study of New Testament Manuscripts (Daniel B. Wallace, Executive Director) has ambitious goals that include making digital photographs of Greek New Testament manuscripts, creating exhaustive collations, analyzing individual scribal habits, publishing, developing electronic tools for analyzing New Testament manuscripts, and cooperation with other institutions sharing similar goals. The Centere has already made available images of a good number of manuscripts.

Chester Beatty Papyri

The Chester Beatty Library's collection includes papyrus manuscripts, rolls, codices and individual documents and ostraca, from Pharaohic, Graeco-Roman and Coptic Egypt ranging in date from 1800 BC to AD 800.

Dating the Oldest New Testament Manuscripts

This article by Peter van Minnen provides a little history and a discussion of methods used for dating New Testament manuscripts.

Digital Nestle-Aland Prototype

The Digital Nestle-Aland is the electronic form of the standard scholarly edition of the Greek New Testament. In addition to what is avalable in the printed edition, transcriptions of important manuscripts are provided by the Institute for New Testament Textual Research at the University of Münster, Westphalia, Germany.

Duke Papyrus Archive and Heidelberger Gesamtverzeichnis der griechischen Papyrusurkunden Ägyptens

You can search the Duke Papyrus Archive, a repository of papyrii covering a wide range of topics and time periods at the Duke Libraries website.

The history of the Duke Databank of Documentary Papyri (DDBDP) and its merger in 2004 with Heidelberger Gesamtverzeichnis der griechischen Papyrusurkunden Ägyptens (HGV) can be found at http://idp.atlantides.org/trac/idp/wiki/. The German homepage for the HGV is located here.

Papyri.info provides a search interface called Papyrological Navigator allowing quick access to a wealth of texts from the merged archives.

You can also search these same documents through the Advanced Papyrological Information System.

A site inspired by the Encyclopedia of New Testament Textual Criticism

While this site is not affiliated with the Encyclopedia of New Testament Textual Criticism, Rich Elliott was inspired by that project to produce an electronic version. Robert Waltz has done an admirable continuing that dream, and what is now available is a great compilation of a wealth of information about a wide range of biblical manuscripts and the discipline of studying them.

Here's what Waltz wrote about the project back in 2007 which the site was last updated:

It should also be noted that I (Robert Waltz) am not a recognized textual critic, and that the information on this page has not been peer reviewed. While I have done all I could to ensure its accuracy, this page probably should not be used as a bibliographic reference.

Notwithstanding that humble admission, the site still contains a great deal of usefull information for anyone getting started in the field of Textual Criticism.

Institute for New Testament Textual Research (Institut für Neutestamentliche Textforschung, INTF)

The institute describes its mission as “to research the textual history of the New Testament and to reconstruct its Greek initial text on the basis of the entire manuscript tradition, the early translations and patristic citations.”

See the comments above under "Digital Nestle-Aland Prototype."

Manuscripts at Oxford

Most of the manuscripts at this site (with complete images!) are not Greek, but some are. The site allows you to leaf through the pages of the available manuscripts.

New Testament Manusripts Listed by Date

David Robert Palmer Has provided a useful listing of New Testament manuscipts much like the one found at the back of the UBS Greek New Testament, but with a number of added features, including links to images of the manuscripts.

Oxyrhnchus Papyri Site

This site dedicated to the archaeological work at Oxyrhnchus contains photographs of the manuscrupts found there.

Papyri.info (and the Papyrological Navigator)

Papyri.info provides a Papyrological Navigator that aggregates and displays information from the Advanced Papyrological Information System (APIS), the Duke Databank of Documentary Papyri (DDbDP), the Heidelberger Gesamtverzeichnis der griechischen Papyrusurkunden Ägyptens (HGV), and Bibliographie Papyrologique (BP). It also provides links to Trismegistos (See further below).

Papyrology at University of Oxford

The University of Oxford houses websites for the Oxyrhnchus excavations, a faculty research effort to correlate newly received manuscripts with already identified texts, the work at Herculaneum, and the Ancient Lives Project, all of which include high quality images of the papyrii found at those sites.

The Papyrus Egerton 2 Homepage

Dedicated to a single manuscript, this site provides images and descriptions of the fragmentary codex of an otherwise unknown gospel.

Princeton University Papyrus Images

The Princeton University Library has made available a small collection of images of papyri from a wide range of times and places.

The Tebtunis Papyri Collection (Information on manuscripts from a single location)

These pages contain information about the Tebtunis Papyri, the papyrus documents that were found in the winter of 1899/1900 at the site of ancient Tebtunis, Egypt.

Timothy Seid's Interpreting Ancient Manuscripts site (Begin learning Textual Criticism)

Timothy Seid's site gives a brief introduction to textual criticism with an example comparing three versions of an English text written in all capitals without spaces between the words. He also lists three useful books for beginners in the field.

Tyndale House Early Greek Bible Manuscripts Project

The primary aims of the Early Greek Bible Manuscripts Project are to build up the holdings of facsimiles, photographs and microfilms of biblical manuscripts in the Tyndale House Library and to encourage research in this area.

TRISMEGISTOS (Egypt and the Nile Valley between 800 BCE and 800 CE)

An interdisciplinary portal of papyrological and epigraphical resources dealing with Egypt and the Nile valley between roughly 800 BCE and 800 CE.

The University of Michigan Papyrus Collection

While little of the University of Michigan’s Papyrus Collection is currently visible online, the web site does provide an interesting basic introduction to papyrology. The University of Michigan is a member of a consortium of American universities intending to bring their papyrus collections online through the APIS project, so we can hope to have many of them accessible in the future.